Category Archives: Reviews for Adhe Adhooray Khawab

Adhe Adhoore Khawab

 by
Uzma Dawwod
“Adhy adhuray khawab “ is a heart touching novel that revolves around diverse themes of love, inspiration, education, and change. Dr. Siddiqui, a well known professor and researcher, wrote this novel in a to  provide food for thought for all those who are part of teaching learning process in educational institutes and have an urge for educational change. The novel’s gripping style does not  let the readers’ distract from the focus .
This novel ‘s central character is professor , Saharan Roy,  who cherishes revolutionary thoughts  and believes that the essence of education is not in transmission but in transformation. In the first chapter beautiful description of many concepts with new definitions like teaching is a creative art”. Fame of good teacher emanates from classrooms and spreads every where on campus. This chapter arouses curiosity about the personality of Saharan Roy.
 Some thought provoking questions made this novel a different literary text for the readers.
 In 2nd chapter author skillfully describe professor Saharan Roy,  a person who can knock at the doors of heart and mind. This chapter addresses the  inquiry and scientific method that how he loves to use these two methods while teaching….”destination finds its path itself.”
Imtisal Agha, another character of the novel, is beautifully described by the author.  One can visualize her childhood  and the scenic beauty of the area where she spent  her childhood. While reading background of her village I felt as if  I was living there and observing all by my own. Good literature mesmerizes the reader and s/he becomes part of the story. l  also find myself part of “Adhy adhury khawb” and in my very own kachi pakki neendon ky “adhey adhuray khawab”.    
The novel introduces the reader to different ideas.  One of them is, “politics of reading” taht revolves around the objectives of literacy that the main objective of literacy is to get awareness about orders to act upon these orders, thus  darkening the colors of slavery. While reading these lines I came to know that introduction with professor Saharan Roy  was still incomplete because in every line written next was revealing something very interesting about him. Professor Roy knows the difficult art of winning the hearts.
The important turn of the novel is the meeting of Professor Suharan Ray with Imtisal Agha. This scene demands full attention of readers.   There was something common among these two characters and both felt that. Politics of Education, how education is used by rulers or  powers? How a teacher takes part in a movement against rulers. In the next lines there is a magnificent description of  role of education in differentiating classes in society and in our nation the same is happening that our educational system is increasing the gap between different classes and promoting status quo. The association of imtisal and Professor suharan rai “ kabhi kabhi ham apnay ap ko khud sy chupatay hain”
She was dreamed to be the carrier of his dreams, she was the carrier of the transfer the fragrance of his thoughts. And this is what was similar between professor Roy and Imtisal Agha.
Tassawar who loves his teacher Professor Suharan Rai. More than love , he is having an inspirer/follower  relationship with his teacher. Being a teacher I was intrigued to know the characteristics of good teachers, and most important discussion that fascinated me was to “Hold back” and providing an opportunity to the student to think , think and think. The writer beautifully describe the main spirit of pottery, how three laws create a living whole. His focus on every individual learner in class really inspires me and the way writer describe this is really appellant.
I have heard education is an agent of change, curriculum is an agent of change, teachers are agent of change and I understand the same after reading this novel. An education can let the nation sleep for whole life and it can also awake the nation and let it achieve its objectives. A transformation from functional literacy to critical literacy is the need of todays’ nations. This novel is effectively explains the need of education in societies and also explains  what sort of education is the requirement of modern societies.
Some thought provoking questions made this novel a different literary text for the readers. The writer provided an opportunity to the readers to reflect by raising such questions:
What is the relationship of  this body of matter with nature?
Why our internal environment affects the external environment?
The writer also described present situation in educational institutes that critical thinking and social change is just bookish knowledge that is being provided to the students. Professor Saharan Roy thinks that development is not the name of civil engineered work rather States are developed if they are having concern with health, education, freedom of thought , etc. Imtisal’s detailed introduction of her village with professor Saharan Roy is also mesmerizing and letting me think about that place of earth where there is no pollution of thought and environment , where nature laughs and laughs. Again a discussion of Imtisal Agha and Professor Saharan Roy on the topic of love and pain……. Love is not the name of give and take ….. this is not a business for profit and revenue generation….. Muhabbat cannot be described neither it can be defined…… it is all about feelings….. Prof Roy is also as deep as his thoughts are….like a deep sea…..
As I read forward novel is getting more interesting and I thought what a spiral sequence that is not letting readers put down the book….. this is just catching…..English medium schools of our society, another agent of enjoying benefits of neo liberalism, where focus is just to take profit and considering education as an industry , where there is no values especially with reference to human resource who are working in the place.
I get awareness with another definition of life
“ zindgi  ik gehri karvi lambi sans
Dost pehly jib hi lain marna to hay”
While the arrest of professor Saharan Roy also arrested my heart…. It was pounding what would happen.
Again the lines of the novel described a bitter situation of law and order, describing an underdeveloped nation as there is no freedom of thought, freedom of action , and the inhuman conduct in jails on having  revolutionary thoughts by a person who is not against the government but against the way they are running a the country. The description made my eyes wet.. writer describe the whole situation in such a way that at any place I have not felt as being not the part of this novel.
“Muhabbat ik aisa jazba jo hamaray rago-pa main utar jata hay
or jab tak hamain us ki mojoodgi ka  ehsas hota hay
who hamaray jism-o-jan main door door tak phel chukka hota hay
phir bahir ki ruton ka kaisa hee ulat pher ho
ander ka mausam hara ho jata hay”
Professor Saharan Roy did not die…. He lives as love in many hearts….. so we all must float as love in hearts……. And spread this beautiful feelings among our students….. they are our very own part… like potter develops a pot we must also develop our students.
 A wonderful reading and understanding experience this novel provides me …. As you meet with some people and cannot forget…same is with this novel.  Once you read it you won’t be able to forget it.  Such a strong writing, that influenced me and my professional thoughts a lot.

Aadhy Adhoory khawab: A Stirring Social Critique

Rabia Khan
 “Without leaps of imagination, or dreaming, we lose the excitement of possibilities. Dreaming, after all, is a form of planning.” Gloria Steinem
Dr.Siddiqui’s shared dreams as intimate sanctum of his soul warn about the present and foretell a promising future and instigate the co-believers who become the ardent believer of the societal transformation. As we know, through literature, human ideologies, philosophies, and emotions are expressed in such a way as they pour out of a writer’s pen become a rainbow, projecting multifarious political, ethical, moral, social, educational and historical colors of the societal trends, on the horizon of literary representation. “Aadhy  Adhooray khwab” is a thought -provoking   and path- breaking novel dispersing all these colors through some parched dreams that are going to prove the seedlings of a quenched reality because these are the dreams through which according to the writer ideals  are going to be achieved.
“Aadhy  Adhooray khwab” is a thought -provoking   and path- breaking novel dispersing all these colors through some parched dreams that are going to prove the seedlings of a quenched reality because these are the dreams through which according to the writer ideals  are going to be achieved.
 During reading this novel, the most appellant aspect for me was that the novel does not rely upon artificial ideological approach rather it is embedded in a system of reference from the actual society that is hard hit by man who in the age of neo-liberalism has turned into selfish, competitive animal and his inhumanity is increasing apparent in the blighted landscape of social injustice and educational backwardness. The novel deals with the present social issues and draws our attention to the troubling aspects of contemporary society.
The writer with his sharp observation, deep thinking, civilized and artful use of language blends didacticism with estheticism in a unique way and gives a philosophy of life through the mouthpiece of the protagonist, Professor Roy. The purpose of existence according to him is not merely to make a living but to enable the society (of which Imtisal agha is a representative) to live more amply with new visualization and with finer spirit of hope for a positive change. In the novel, Professor Roy  and Imtisal agha, having a mentor-mentee relationship spread the brightness of their souls and  fragrance of their wishful longings into the literary drawing rooms.
 The novel is to be appreciated on the following grounds:
Firstly, the novelty of thematic conception makes this novel unique one. The writer has embedded oft-used old themes into the newer ones,   i.e. education, politics, justice, coercion, gender discrimination, love, social change and agitation, etc, in a refined way. As reader we come across a new vision and know how education can prove to be a catalyst for change in the society.The protagonist in the novel stands against the status-quo and strives for a future that is little more than a perpetuation of the present. The novel is a critique of educational practices that make relished thing, like learning, a boring and unexciting.  As the author is a renowned educationist himself and has experienced the drawbacks of our educational system provides new vistas to the existing teaching-learning processes. Education can bring the disjointed strata of society together as Imtisaal agha comes closer to Professor Roy due to some shared and common dreams and  she tells professor:
Mujhe bhi taleem ke critical pehlu se dilchaspi hai. Ek esi taleem jo neutral aur passive na ho balkay mua’shray ke dil mein dharak rahi ho.”
Professor Roy then says: “Taleem aur ideology ka aapas mein gehra ta’luq ha. Taleem ek qaum ko sula bhi sakti hai aur bedaar bhi ker skti hai. Ye mua’shray ki samaaji aur mua’shi tafreeq ko berha bhi skti hai aur kum kernay mein mua’ven bhi saabit ho skti hai.”
Secondly, another exciting feature is the provocation for love of a certain ideology. Only ideologies can bring a change in the society, that (either big or small) is constant in any progressive society and inevitable for its development. If the whole social system remains immobile and static, the facelift of society and its healthy image will be marred. Education with its multifaceted, hierarchical and dynamic objectives is the fountainhead of social change. It is therefore indispensable in the concern of the society to improve educational facilities. This ideology was given by professor to his students. As he tells Imtisaal:
Khawab aur nazreiy ki muhabat sab sy ar’fah muhabat hy jo hamein baqi tam’am muhabaton sy be-nayaz kar deti hy, ya yon samjho keh phir is khawab aur nazreiy sy wabasta sab logon sy muhabat ho jati hy. Muhabat qurbani mangati hy. Kabhi maal ki, kabhi martaby ki, kabhi jan ki.
Thirdly, the novel is an apt documentation of political and judicial scenario of 2008 that has been projected through the lawyers’ movement where the civil society and lawyers are seen raising hue and crying against the injustice and facing the constant tribulations. Professor is also sent behind the bars for the same action. The writers’ patriotism and regard for the supremacy of constitution and institutions gets reflected through this part of the novel. Professor Saharan besides teaching also takes part in political activities and participates in the lawyers’ movement and finally dies voicing in the favor of human rights. This novel stirrers our attention towards how education can be helpful in creating a civil society where students, teachers and all the members of society participate to create good governance. At the end of the novel, professor ceases to be but through his students he is everywhere because now he is in their minds and hearts in the form of dreams to be fulfilled.
Fourthly, mildly tinted romanticism enhances the beauty of the novel. The writer enlightens us about the purest motivational force of love and perceives it as the key to success in any industry, from the classroom to the boardroom. According to him Life, through unconditional love, is a wondrous adventure that excites the very core of our being and lights our path with delight. Love ignites such a luster that brightens the very soul of the humans and empowers them to do certain actions for the cause of it. The following lines, extracted from the novel, represent his philosophy of love:
“Muhabat apny aap ko mit’any ki khawahish ka naam hay. Ham muhabat ky ma’bad main dakhil hotey hain to apna tajruba, apna martaba, aur apni ana us ki dehleez par rakh jaty hain.”
“Assal mein muhabat ki nahi jati, ho jati hay.”
“Muhabat kay subak jazby ki tarha jo khawahishon, khawabon aur nazriyon kay jalo main hamary rag-o-pay mein utar jata hay
Aur jab tak hamein us ki mojoodgi ka ehsas hota hay
Woh hamary jism-o-jan mein door tak phaill chukka hota hay.
Phir bahir ki ruton ka kaisa he ulat pher ho
Andar ka mosam amar  ho jata hay.”
 Fifthly, another remarkable feature of the novel is the use of poetic prose that is creative and fascinating. For example read the following lines:
“Aasmaan se barf narm, be awaaz gaalon ki surat zameen me jazb ho rahi thi.
While reading this novel, one can read fine thoughts and beautiful imageries. For example:
“Is mein koi peshgi mansoba bandi nahi hoti. Aap kay iradey ka dakhal nahi hota aur jab muhabat ho jati hay to apni rah khud bna leti hay, pahardi jharny ki tarah.” 
During his class discussions, Professor talks about the characteristics of a good teacher by using the metaphor of a cake. As the cake comprises of layers, so is a creative teacher, where the first layer consists of subject as well as pedagogical knowledge; the second layer as the teaching tactics; and the third one is the passion with which a teacher delivers his knowledge to his students. In other words it is the 3 H of teaching: the Head, the Hand and the Heart and I was pleased to observe that many teacher-trainers exploited this theory of him in their lectures that is a healthy sign of acceptability.
Professors Roy asks his students to draw flowers on a piece of paper and metaphorically tells the differences between individuals through the variety of flowers.
Sixthly, the plot of the novel has a logical sequence .The novel does not have only a single narrative plot rather it is crafted in the form of the spiritual and intellectual journey of the main characters. It is divided into several short chapters so that readers may not get bored or disinterested. The plot of this novel revolves around Professor Saharan Roy who is a proficient, compassionate and gentle professor and as an expert educationist understands the character traits and behaviors of his students. Education does not totally depend upon formal structured system of education rather it can be promoted in a number of informal ways that is mirrored throughout the novel by professor. Because of his unusual teaching approach, he is very much admired by his formal and informal students. Among them is Imtisal Aga who comes to the city from a countryside area and accidentally meets professor Roy. Imtisal’s character grips our attention from the beginning due to her innovative and inquisitive nature .She wants to explore all the possibilities of radical change and wants to improve her own lot and that of her village that according to Aristotle is the pivot of the civilization. In the end of the novel, she goes back to her village and starts teaching to the deprived children that is a small beginning towards a bigger change.
Seventhly, the splendor of the novel is in its simple and understandable diction. The writer’s audience is not the only the highly intellectual sect of the society rather he speaks to every common man in his own colloquial language to convey message of change and revolution that is why he deliberately and meticulously uses simple language.
Eighthly, dramatic situations capture our attention at different places. The meeting between Imtisal and Professor Roy as plotted by “The Celestine Prophecy”, is highly dramatic. They come closer, due to a shared vision and philosophical unanimity, in a deserted hostel where there are only three inhabitants of whom two are they. At another place writer uses the same technique to create a link between the beginning and the ending of the novel through the fate of Heathcliff, a character from a novel, Wuthering Heights, that Imtisal is shown reading in the beginning. Professor in the end shares the same fate when he is exposed to the turbulent situations. Lastly, Imtisal lives with the remembrance of Professor and his preaching, strives to fulfill his dreams and tells her students about him in a dramatic way.
Ninthly, the writer has a philosophical bent of mind that grabs the attention at different places in the novel. The following lines are highly prolific, terse, thought provoking, attention seeking and reflect the critically creative aptitude of the writer:
“Khawahish apna raasta khud taraashti hai
Manzil apni raah ko khud janam deti hai
Aur tabeer apna khawab khud chunti hai”
“Ba’az auqat raston aur manzilon ka koi tal’uq nahi hota.”
mohabbat qurbani mangti ha, kabhi maal ki, kabhi martabay ki, kabi jaan ki. “Yeh rishtay bhi kese rishtay hen. Jahan humkhayali, mohabbat, aqeedat aur      dosti ki bunyaad banti hai aur manzilon ka ishtaraak humein rafaqat ki lari mein piro deta hai.”
Being a highly innovative, this novel in future can prove a foundation stone for the new trends in Urdu novel writing. This novel is a food for thought for educationists, students, activists, reformists, planners and literature lovers. In the novel are embedded the dreams of the young generation who are the agent, source and believer of societal transformation. May Allah give the strength to the celebrated and emerging writers to share the voice of Dr.Siddiqui. Ameen!

Aadhy Adhoory khawab: a Stirring Social Critiqu

by
Rabia Khan
“Without leaps of imagination, or dreaming, we lose the excitement of possibilities. Dreaming, after all, is a form of planning.” Gloria Steinem
Dr.Siddiqui’s shared dreams as intimate sanctum of his soul warn about the present and foretell a promising future and instigate the co-believers who become the ardent believer of the societal transformation. As we know, through literature, human ideologies, philosophies, and emotions are expressed in such a way as they pour out of a writer’s pen become a rainbow, projecting multifarious political, ethical, moral, social, educational and historical colors of the societal trends, on the horizon of literary representation. “Aadhy  adhoray khwab” is a thought -provoking   and path- breaking novel dispersing all these colors through some parched dreams that are going to prove the seedlings of a quenched reality because these are the dreams through which according to the writer ideals  are going to be achieved.
During reading this novel, the most appellant aspect for me was that the novel does not rely upon artificial ideological approach rather it is embedded in a system of reference from the actual society that is hard hit by man who in the age of neo-liberalism has turned into selfish, competitive animal and his inhumanity is increasing apparent in the blighted landscape of social injustice and educational backwardness. The novel deals with the present social issues and draws our attention to the troubling aspects of contemporary society.
The writer with his sharp observation, deep thinking, civilized and artful use of language blends didacticism with estheticism in a unique way and gives a philosophy of life through the mouthpiece of the protagonist, Professor Roy. The purpose of existence according to him is not merely to make a living but to enable the society (of which Imtisal agha is a representative) to live more amply with new visualization and with finer spirit of hope for a positive change. In the novel, Professor Roy  and Imtisal agha, having a mentor-mentee relationship spread the brightness of their souls and  fragrance of their wishful longings into the literary drawing rooms.
The novel is to be appreciated on the following grounds:
Firstly, the novelty of thematic conception makes this novel unique one. The writer has embedded oft-used old themes into the newer ones,   i.e. education, politics, justice, coercion, gender discrimination, love, social change and agitation, etc, in a refined way. As reader we come across a new vision and know how education can prove to be a catalyst for change in the society.The protagonist in the novel stands against the status-quo and strives for a future that is little more than a perpetuation of the present. The novel is a critique of educational practices that make relished thing, like learning, a boring and unexciting.  As the author is a renowned educationist himself and has experienced the drawbacks of our educational system provides new vistas to the existing teaching-learning processes. Education can bring the disjointed strata of society together as Imtisaal agha comes closer to Professor Roy due to some shared and common dreams and  she tells professor:
Mujhe bhi taleem ke critical pehlu se dilchaspi hai. Ek esi taleem jo neutral aur passive na ho balkay mua’shray ke dil mein dharak rahi ho.”
Professor Roy then says: “Taleem aur ideology ka aapas mein gehra ta’luq ha. Taleem ek qaum ko sula bhi sakti hai aur bedaar bhi ker skti hai. Ye mua’shray ki samaaji aur mua’shi tafreeq ko berha bhi skti hai aur kum kernay mein mua’ven bhi saabit ho skti hai.”
Secondly, another exciting feature is the provocation for love of a certain ideology. Only ideologies can bring a change in the society, that (either big or small) is constant in any progressive society and inevitable for its development. If the whole social system remains immobile and static, the facelift of society and its healthy image will be marred. Education with its multifaceted, hierarchical and dynamic objectives is the fountainhead of social change. It is therefore indispensable in the concern of the society to improve educational facilities. This ideology was given by professor to his students. As he tells Imtisaal:
Khawab aur nazreiy ki muhabat sab sy ar’fah muhabat hy jo hamein baqi tam’am muhabaton sy be-nayaz kar deti hy, ya yon samjho keh phir is khawab aur nazreiy sy wabasta sab logon sy muhabat ho jati hy. Muhabat qurbani mangati hy. Kabhi maal ki, kabhi martaby ki, kabhi jan ki.
Thirdly, the novel is an apt documentation of political and judicial scenario of 2008 that has been projected through the lawyers’ movement where the civil society and lawyers are seen raising hue and crying against the injustice and facing the constant tribulations. Professor is also sent behind the bars for the same action. The writers’ patriotism and regard for the supremacy of constitution and institutions gets reflected through this part of the novel. Professor Saharan besides teaching also takes part in political activities and participates in the lawyers’ movement and finally dies voicing in the favor of human rights. This novel stirrers our attention towards how education can be helpful in creating a civil society where students, teachers and all the members of society participate to create good governance. At the end of the novel, professor ceases to be but through his students he is everywhere because now he is in their minds and hearts in the form of dreams to be fulfilled.
Fourthly, mildly tinted romanticism enhances the beauty of the novel. The writer enlightens us about the purest motivational force of love and perceives it as the key to success in any industry, from the classroom to the boardroom. According to him Life, through unconditional love, is a wondrous adventure that excites the very core of our being and lights our path with delight. Love ignites such a luster that brightens the very soul of the humans and empowers them to do certain actions for the cause of it. The following lines, extracted from the novel, represent his philosophy of love:
“Muhabat apny aap ko mit’any ki khawahish ka naam hay. Ham muhabat ky ma’bad main dakhil hotey hain to apna tajruba, apna martaba, aur apni ana us ki dehleez par rakh jaty hain.”
“Assal mein muhabat ki nahi jati, ho jati hay.”
“Muhabat kay subak jazby ki tarha jo khawahishon, khawabon aur nazriyon kay jalo main hamary rag-o-pay mein utar jata hay
Aur jab tak hamein us ki mojoodgi ka ehsas hota hay
Woh hamary jism-o-jan mein door tak phaill chukka hota hay.
Phir bahir ki ruton ka kaisa he ulat pher ho
Andar ka mosam amar  ho jata hay.”
Fifthly, another remarkable feature of the novel is the use of poetic prose that is creative and fascinating. For example read the following lines:
“Aasmaan se barf narm, be awaaz gaalon ki surat zameen me jazb ho rahi thi.
While reading this novel, one can read fine thoughts and beautiful imageries. For example:
“Is mein koi peshgi mansoba bandi nahi hoti. Aap kay iradey ka dakhal nahi hota aur jab muhabat ho jati hay to apni rah khud bna leti hay, pahardi jharny ki tarah.” 
During his class discussions, Professor talks about the characteristics of a good teacher by using the metaphor of a cake. As the cake comprises of layers, so is a creative teacher, where the first layer consists of subject as well as pedagogical knowledge; the second layer as the teaching tactics; and the third one is the passion with which a teacher delivers his knowledge to his students. In other words it is the 3 H of teaching: the Head, the Hand and the Heart and I was pleased to observe that many teacher-trainers exploited this theory of him in their lectures that is a healthy sign of acceptability.
Professors Roy asks his students to draw flowers on a piece of paper and metaphorically tells the differences between individuals through the variety of flowers.
Sixthly, the plot of the novel has a logical sequence .The novel does not have only a single narrative plot rather it is crafted in the form of the spiritual and intellectual journey of the main characters. It is divided into several short chapters so that readers may not get bored or disinterested. The plot of this novel revolves around Professor Saharan Roy who is a proficient, compassionate and gentle professor and as an expert educationist understands the character traits and behaviors of his students. Education does not totally depend upon formal structured system of education rather it can be promoted in a number of informal ways that is mirrored throughout the novel by professor. Because of his unusual teaching approach, he is very much admired by his formal and informal students. Among them is Imtisal Aga who comes to the city from a countryside area and accidently meets professor Roy. Imtisal’s character grips our attention from the beginning due to her innovative and inquisitive nature .She wants to explore all the possibilities of radical change and wants to improve her own lot and that of her village that according to Aristotle is the pivot of the civilization. In the end of the novel, she goes back to her village and starts teaching to the deprived children that is a small beginning towards a bigger change.
Seventhly, the splendor of the novel is in its simple and understandable diction. The writer’s audience is not the only the highly intellectual sect of the society rather he speaks to every common man in his own colloquial language to convey message of change and revolution that is why he deliberately and meticulously uses simple language.
Eighthly, dramatic situations capture our attention at different places. The meeting between Imtisal and Professor Roy as plotted by “The Celestine Prophecy”, is highly dramatic. They come closer, due to a shared vision and philosophical unanimity, in a deserted hostel where there are only three inhabitants of whom two are they. At another place writer uses the same technique to create a link between the beginning and the ending of the novel through the fate of Heathcliff, a character from a novel, Wuthering Heights, that Imtisal is shown reading in the beginning. Professor in the end shares the same fate when he is exposed to the turbulent situations. Lastly, Imtisal lives with the remembrance of Professor and his preaching, strives to fulfill his dreams and tells her students about him in a dramatic way.
Ninthly, the writer has a philosophical bent of mind that grabs the attention at different places in the novel. The following lines are highly prolific, terse, thought provoking, attention seeking and reflect the critically creative aptitude of the writer:
“Khawahish apna raasta khud taraashti hai
Manzil apni raah ko khud janam deti hai
Aur tabeer apna khawab khud chunti hai”
“Ba’az auqat raston aur manzilon ka koi tal’uq nahi hota.”
mohabbat qurbani mangti ha, kabhi maal ki, kabhi martabay ki, kabi jaan ki. “Yeh rishtay bhi kese rishtay hen. Jahan humkhayali, mohabbat, aqeedat aur      dosti ki bunyaad banti hai aur manzilon ka ishtaraak humein rafaqat ki lari mein piro deta hai.”
Being a highly innovative, this novel in future can prove a foundation stone for the new trends in Urdu novel writing. This novel is a food for thought for educationists, students, activists, reformists, planners and literature lovers. In the novel are embedded the dreams of the young generation who are the agent, source and believer of societal transformation. May Allah give the strength to the celebrated and emerging writers to share the voice of Dr.Siddiqui. Ameen!

Adhe adhoore Khawab: A Review by Sonia Farooq

Sonia Farooq
Lecturer, Department of English, International Islamic University
Adhe Adhoore Khawab, is a dazzling critique of educational practices in Pakistan.  It distinguishes itself from contemporary Urdu fiction in terms of its content, diction, and style.  The story is about the journey of a devote teacher, Saharan Roy, who is selfless and gallant and puts his heart and soul to see his dreams fulfilled. His dreams are the dreams of those many individuals of our society who comprehend the potential of our youth and take a stand against the injustices of society. The story is an inspiration to young teachers to bring a change not only in society but in them by trusting in a critical and creative approach. The dreams of this man who realizes his responsibility as a teacher, friend, guide and reformer are bright but would lose their shine if not fulfilled and all he can foresee is darkness of life in the world of hollow men.

The story is an inspiration to young teachers to bring a change not only in society but in them by trusting in a critical and creative approach.

The novel proves to be a fine attack on dehumanizing aspects in education. Mechanization of education is one important thought behind the story and the struggle of Professor Ray stirs up the intellectuals and those related to educational and other social institutions to move towards an educational and social change and reform.
Since the need for pedagogical strategies for the development of creativity and critical consciousness are important themes of the story, the novel is incredible in pointing out the “perfect dead skeleton” that is the true emblem of our society. Arousing the dead skeleton and bringing it to its real perfection is the aim of the novel. So the novel turns out to be a critique on degradation of creativity in our educational system and it alerts the reader about the commodification and dreadful conditions of our educational institutions. The writer has skillfully given the example of teaching by explaining the art of pottery. It suggests creative thinking as a way to bring a change in our existing teaching methods by grooming our classroom through creative approach keeping in mind our cultural and socio-economic constraints.
The story of a much-loved teacher is devotedly narrated by his students Tassavur who had been taught by him and Imtisaal Agha who knew him from others before she actually met him. The story also focuses on the beautiful bond of a teacher and a student which our present society fails to develop while the professor thinks,
 “Yeh rishtay bhi kese rishtay hen. Jahan humkhayali, mohabbat, aqeedat aur dosti ki bunyaad banti hai aur manzilon ka ishtaraak humein rafaqat ki lari mein piro deta hai.”
Within the story we find the character of Imtisaal Agha reading Bronte’s Wuthering Heights and the character of Heathcliff sounds different to her. Who had known that a man loved by so many around would become her Heathcliff in life to whom she would be Catherine; an emotional support? This makes the novel a beautiful composition of light romance which is pure at the same time. The saga of emotional attachment of the main characters Saharan Ray and Imtisaal Agha has been woven nicely through snippets of little incidents of relatively short time. “The Celestine Prophecy” that has brought the two characters together is marvelously presented in the story unlike most contemporary works of literature where artificiality, glamour and extravagance of appearance and passions are highlighted.
The imagery of darkness and then footsteps of Imtisaal are very emblematic and meaningful for she is the one who is meant to break the darkness and dead silence all around through her self confidence. She who understands the unjust social stratification of society and the deep relationship between ideology and education can change the hearts and minds of those who are in a state of oblivion and disenchanted with life as in one of her discussions with Prof. Roy she says:
“Mujhe bhi taleem ke critical pehlu se dilchaspi hai. Ek esi taleem jo neutral aur passive na ho balkay mua’shray ke dil mein dharak rahi ho.”
Professor Rai then says, “Taleem aur ideology ka aapas mein gehra ta’luq ha. Taleem ek qaum ko sula bhi sakti hai aur bedaar bhi ker skti hai. Ye mua’shray ki samaaji aur mua’shi tafreeq ko berha bhi skti hai aur kum kernay mein mua’ven bhi saabit ho skti hai.”
Thus, the novel raises issues for all those educationalists and members of the young generation who are being manipulated by ideology.
The fast pace of the novel forms a contrast with the calm mood of the main characters. The calm and pleasant tone of Professor Roy is beautifully present throughout the novel. The contrast is strikingly meaningful and echoes Emily Dickenson’s Because I Could Not Stop for Death as the protagonist has “promises to keep” before he goes to sleep. The colours and ideas are skillfully woven on the fabric of the story. The story is also a reminder to those individuals who in a rush of mechanic life have brought decline to the beautiful realities of life. This brings into my memory Leisure by Davies read long ago. He reflects this quandary as:
No time to see, in broad daylight,
Streams full of stars like skies at night.
No time to turn at Beauty’s glance,
And watch her feet, how they can dance.
A poor life this if, full of care,
We have no time to stand and stare.
Colours and passions blended beautifully in this small piece of art weave beautiful and pure thoughts. This blend of imagery from the nature is magnificent. The relationship of ingredients of nature i.e. rain, wind, hillocks, mountains, greenery, streams, pastures, snow, flowers etc. with the soul of human being is skillfully pictured in the form of feelings and moods of the characters.
“Barishon ki awaz ki apni mosiqee hai jo apnay zor se ghatti berhti dil kay taaron ko chairty hai”.
This blend wonderfully integrates thought and realization which develops a kind of self confidence in the reader as s/he moves forward
“Khawahish apna raasta khud taraashti hai
Manzil apni raah ko khud janam deti hai
Aur tabeer apna khawab khud chunti hai”
Similarly the dialogues are deep and wrap up the readers into thinking; 
“Aasmaan se barf narm, be awaaz gaalon ki surat zameen me jazb ho rahi thi.
Mohabbat ke subuk jazbay ki tarhan jo khawhishon, khawabon aur nazarion ke jalo mein
hamaray rag o pae me utar jata hai
aur jab tak humein uski maujudgi ka ehsaas hota hai
Wo hamaray jism o jaan mein dur tak phael chuka hota hai.
Phir bahr ki ruton ka kesa he ulat phair ho
Andar ka mausam amr ho jata ha.”
So as a person related to modern and post-modern studies I am pleased to find the novel standing on its own merits. The novel is highly recommended for those who regret the shallowness and depthlessness in the works of arts and care for the betterment of themselves and society. Therefore, this story is not intended to satisfy the appetite of audience addicted to commercialized texts of mass entertainment because one of the most important features of the novel is that unlike contemporary Pakistani fiction this novel does not promote commodification of life and consumption of brands and use of any tag to define one’s social identity. The title Aadhay Adooray Khawab is also very significant that half of the dreams needed to be combined with the dreams of others and they are incomplete for dreams of others will get along with it and a beautiful galaxy of dreams will be there and each one will be sharing his with others. It will be a chain, a constellation of beautiful dreams that our next generation would be hoped to accomplish.
The reader might initially need to struggle with the social and political concepts but then they are so beautifully and simply discussed that the reader develops more interest in the book. The character of professor Roy is beautifully developed through the memories of his students and readers will learn a lot from the novel. The language is simple and as much cotemporary as it can be which gives the story a lively hit. The author has satisfactorily concluded the book as Roy shares his dreams with Imtisaal who is hoped to take them on. Thus the writer has maintained the element of hope by sharing his dreams with so many Imtisaal Aghas of our generation who will play their roles in the story by reading it and will take these dreams and fulfill them.
Title: Aadhay Adhooray Khawab
Author: Shahid Siddiqui
Publication: Jahangir Books, Lahore
Date: 2010
No. of Pages: 176

Adhe Adhoore Khawab: Sofia Hussain’s Reflections

Sofia Hussain
Lecturer
International Islamic University Islamabad.

Dr. Shahid Siddiqui’s novel Adhey Adhoore Khawab is a deftly documented tale of unrelenting determination to stand firm in the face of all trouble and shape the circumstances according to one’s conviction for the betterment of society. Siddiqui has intricately woven politics, education, and human relationships in a novel about optimism in a visibly depressing epoch. It’s a spell binding read that enables you to revitalize your strength in the midst of darkness to go ahead and play your part in bringing about change in the society.

The novel is engrossing, soothing, agonizing and amazingly inspirational.

There are multiple narrators in the novel like, Prof. Roy, Imtisal Agha and Tassawar unfolding several shades of protagonist’s inimitable persona through a recollection of olden days. Prof. Saharan Roy is a unique character, an emblem of compassion, selflessness and determination, who has the ability to transmute lead into gold. He is a man of grand ideals who believes in inculcating the spirit of critical consciousness into his students to facilitate them to think critically in order to become the agents of change in a society almost at the threshold of devastation. He practices what he preaches and lays his life for the sake of his ideals – the will to better the society for future generations.
Siddiqui’s prose is truly distinctive for its lyricism, its luminosity, its clairvoyance to delineate the most delicate emotions in an astonishingly elegant yet simple manner. It is engrossing, soothing, agonizing and amazingly inspirational. The delight and different shades of meaning in Imtisal Agha’s last words when she is assailed by the memories of her mentor, Prof.Roy, is particularly noteworthy. She says..
Meine khirki se bahir dekha
Aasman se burf nurm, bey awaz gallon ki soorat zameen mein jazb ho rahee thi
Muhabbat ke subuk jazbey ki tarah jo khwahishon, khwabon aur nazriyon ke jalo mein
Humarey rug-o-pe mein utar jata hai
Aur jub tuk humein us ki maujoodgi ka ehsas hota hai
Who humarey jism-o-jan mein duur tuk phel jata hai
Phir bahir ki ruton ka kaisa hi ulat pher ho
Undar ka mausam ummar ho jata hai………….